Design of Optimum Equi Ripple Linear Phase FIR Filter MCQ [Free PDF] – Objective Question Answer for Design of Optimum Equi Ripple Linear Phase FIR Filter Quiz

11. What is the value of JTYPE in the Parks-McClellan program for a Hilbert transformer?

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4

Answer: C

The value of JTYPE=3 in the Parks-McClellan program to select a filter that performs Hilbert transformer.

12. In the Parks-McClellan program, the grid density for interpolating the error function is denoted by which of the following functions?

A. NFILT
B. NBANDS
C. EDGE
D. LGRID

Answer: D

In the Parks-McClellan program, LGRID represents the grid density for interpolating the error function. The default value is 16 if left unspecified.

13. In the Parks-McClellan program, an array of maximum size 10 that specifies the desired frequency response in each band is denoted by?

A. WTX
B. FX
C. EDGE
D. None of the mentioned

Answer: B

FX denotes an array of maximum size 10 that specifies the desired frequency response in each band.

14. If δ1 represents the ripple in the pass band for a chebyshev filter, then which of the following conditions is true?

A. 1-δ1 ≤ Hr(ω) ≤ 1+δ1; |ω|≤ωP
B. 1+δ1 ≤ Hr(ω) ≤ 1-δ1; |ω|≥ωP
C. 1+δ1 ≤ Hr(ω) ≤ 1-δ1; |ω|≤ωP
D. 1-δ1 ≤ Hr(ω) ≤ 1+δ1; |ω|≥ωP

Answer: A

Let us consider the design of a low pass filter with the pass band edge frequency ωP and the ripple in the pass band is δ1, then from the general specifications of the Chebyshev filter, in the pass band the filter frequency response should satisfy the condition
1- δ1 ≤ Hr(ω) ≤ 1+δ1; |ω|≤ωP

15. If the filter has a symmetric unit sample response with M odd, then what is the value of Q(ω)?

A. cos(ω/2)
B. sin(ω/2)
C. 1
D. sinω

Answer: C

If the filter has a symmetric unit sample response, then we know that
h(n)=h(M-1-n)
and for M odd in this case, Q(ω)=1.

16. If the filter has an anti-symmetric unit sample response with M odd, then what is the value of Q(ω)?
A. cos(ω/2)
B. sin(ω/2)
C. 1
D. sinω

Answer: D

If the filter has a anti-symmetric unit sample response, then we know that
h(n)= -h(M-1-n)
and for M odd in this case, Q(ω)=sin(ω).

17. In which of the following way the real-valued desired frequency response is defined?

A. Unity in stopband and zero in passband
B. Unity in both pass and stop bands
C. Unity in passband and zero in stopband
D. Zero in both stop and passband

Answer: C

The real-valued desired frequency response Hdr(ω) is simply defined to be unity in the passband and zero in the stopband.

18. The error function E(ω) should exhibit at least how many extremal frequencies in S?

A. L
B. L-1
C. L+1
D. L+2

Answer: D

According to the Alternation theorem, a necessary and sufficient condition for P(ω) to be a unique, best-weighted Chebyshev approximation, is that the error function E(ω) must exhibit at least L+2 extremal frequencies in S.

19. The filter designs that contain maximum number of alternations are called as ______________

A. Extra ripple filters
B. Maximal ripple filters
C. Equi ripple filters
D. None of the mentioned

Answer: B

In general, the filter designs that contain a maximum number of alternations or ripples are called maximal ripple filters.

20. Remez exchange algorithm is an iterative algorithm used in error approximation.

A. True
B. False

Answer: A

Initially, we neither know the set of external frequencies nor the parameters. To solve for the parameters, we use an iterative algorithm called the Remez exchange algorithm, in which we begin by guessing at the set of extremal frequencies.

21. When |E(ω)|≤δ for all frequencies on the dense set, the optimal solution has been found in terms of the polynomial H(ω).

A. True
B. False

Answer: A

|E(ω)|≥δ for some frequencies on the dense set, then a new set of frequencies corresponding to the L+2 largest peaks of |E(ω)| are selected and computation is repeated.

Since the new set of L+2 extremal frequencies is selected to increase in each iteration until it converges to the upper bound, this implies that when |E(ω)|≤δ for all frequencies on the dense set, the optimal solution has been found in terms of the polynomial H(ω).

22. In the Parks-McClellan program, an array of maximum size 10 that specifies the weight function in each band is denoted by?

A. WTX
B. FX
C. EDGE
D. None of the mentioned

Answer: A

FX denotes an array of maximum size 10 that specifies the weight function in each band.

23. The filter designs which are formulated using Chebyshev approximating problem have ripples in?

A. Passband
B. Stopband
C. Pass & Stopband
D. Restart band

Answer: C

The Chebyshev approximation problem is viewed as an optimum design criterion in the sense that the weighted approximation error between the desired frequency response and the actual frequency response is spread evenly across the passband and evenly across the stopband of the filter minimizing the maximum error. The resulting filter designs have ripples in both the passband and stopband.

24. If the filter has a symmetric unit sample response with M even, then what is the value of Q(ω)?

A. cos(ω/2)
B. sin(ω/2)
C. 1
D. sinω

Answer: A

If the filter has a symmetric unit sample response, then we know that
h(n)=h(M-1-n)
and for M even in this case, Q(ω)=cos(ω/2).