# Solar and Battery Powered Drives MCQ

1. A solar cell converts light energy into __________

A. Electrical energy
B. Thermal energy
C. Sound energy
D. Heat energy

A solar cell converts light energy into electrical energy. The light energy excites the electron of the solar cell which further flows in the circuit and constitutes the electric current.

2. There are three types of solar cells.

A. True
B. False

There are three types of solar cells. Single crystal, polycrystal, and amorphous silicon cells are the major types of solar cells.

3. Series and parallel combination of the solar cell is known as _________

A. Solar array
B. Solar light
C. Solar sight
D. Solar eye

Series and parallel combination of the solar cell is known as the Solar array. Shunt diodes are used to avoid the circulating current.

4. Full form of FF in the solar field is ____________

A. Form factor
B. Fill factor
C. Face factor
D. Fire factor

FF stands for Fill factor. It is the ratio of the maximum obtainable power to the product of the open-circuit voltage and short circuit current.

5. Calculate the Fill factor using the data: Pmax=15 W, Voc=18 V, Isc=4 A.

A. .65
B. .59
C. .20
D. .98

The fill factor is the ratio of the maximum obtainable power to the product of the open-circuit voltage and short circuit current.

F.F=Pmax÷(Voc×Isc)=15/72=.20.

6. Permanent magnet DC motor is more expensive than an Induction motor.

A. True
B. False

A permanent magnet DC motor is more expensive than an Induction motor because of the magnetic used in it. Magnets are made up of ferromagnetic material which results in high cost.

7. Calculate the line voltage in star connection when phase voltage=311 V.

A. 548.29 V
B. 538.66 V
C. 587.28 V
D. 185.58 V

The line voltage in the case of star connection is 1.73 times of phase voltage. It leads the phase voltage by an angle of 30°.

VL-L = 1.73×311 = 538.66 V.

8. The slope of the V-I curve of a solar cell is 66.1°. Calculate the value of resistance. Assume the relationship between voltage and current is a straight line.

A. 3.5 Ω
B. 2.2 Ω
C. 2.5 Ω
D. 2.9 Ω

The slope of the V-I curve of a solar cell is resistance. The slope given is 66.1° so

R=tan(66.1°)=2.2 Ω.

The slope of the I-V curve is reciprocal to resistance.

9. SCIM has a _________

A. Shorter life
B. Medium life
C. Longer life
D. Infinite life

SCIM stands for squirrel cage induction motor. It has high efficiency, maintenance-free operation, and long life because of its rigid nature.

10. The power factor of a SCIM generally is ___________

A. .1-.2
B. .6-.8
C. .3-.4
D. .5-.7

At light loads, the current drawn is largely a magnetizing current due to the air gap and hence the power factor is low. The power factor of a SCIM generally is .6-.8.

11. Calculate the active power in a 11710 H inductor.

A. 8245 W
B. 1781 W
C. 0 W
D. 1964 W

The inductor is a linear element. It only absorbs reactive power and stores it in the form of oscillating energy. The voltage and current are 90° in phase in the case of the inductor so the angle between V & I is 90°.

P = VIcos90° = 0 W.

12. Calculate the frequency of the waveform i(t) = sin(πt+π÷4)+sin(πt+π÷74).

A. .5 Hz
B. .8 Hz
C. .1 Hz
D. .9 Hz

The fundamental time period of the sine wave is 2π.

The time period of i(t) is L.C.M {2,2}=2 sec.

The frequency of the waveform is 1/2 = .5 Hz. The time period is independent of phase shifting and time-shifting.

13. Full form of CEL is ____________

A. Central Electronics Limited
B. Central Electrical Limited
C. Circle Electronics Limited
D. Circle Electrical Limited

The full form of CEL is Central Electronics Limited. It is a Government of India enterprise founded in 1974. It is a publicly listed company.

14. Full form of BEL is ____________

A. Busy Electronics Limited
B. Burden Electrical Limited
C. Bharat Electronics Limited
D. Brahma Electrical Limited

The full form of BEL is Bharat Electronics Limited. It is a Government of India enterprise founded in 1954. It is a publicly listed company.

15. Material used for making solar cell is _________

A. Silicon
B. Carbon
C. Sodium
D. Magnesium

The material used for making solar cells is Silicon. It is a naturally obtained semi-conductor. It has a lower cut-off voltage and minimum energy bandgap.

16. The output power of the centrifugal pump is proportional to the _________ of the speed.

A. Square
B. Cube
C. Square-root
D. Cube-root

The output power of the centrifugal pump is proportional to the cube of the speed. They require a small torque to start.

17. There are four types of Water pumps.

A. True
B. False

There are two types of Water pumps. Centrifugal and reciprocating are the major types of water pumps.

18. The output of the Solar panel is DC.

A. True
B. False

The output of the solar panel is DC. Inverters are used at the output terminals of the solar panel in order to convert DC into AC.

19. Which of the relationship is correct in a Permanent magnet DC motor?

A. T ∝ (Ia)2
B. T ∝ (Ia)0
C. T ∝ Ia
D. T2 ∝ Ia

The value of flux remains constant in the Permanent magnet DC motor. The torque in the PMMC motor is directly proportional to the armature current.

20. Calculate the Fill factor using the data: Pmax=5 W, Voc=5 V, Isc=1 A.

A. 5
B. 3
C. 2
D. 1

The fill factor is the ratio of the maximum obtainable power to the product of the open-circuit voltage and short circuit current.

F.F=Pmax÷(Voc×Isc)=5/5=1.

21. Full form of ICE is ____________

A. Internal Combustion Engine
B. International Combustion Engine
C. Iterative Combustion Engine
D. Iterative Commercial Engine

The full form of ICE is International Combustion Engine. It consists of pistons inside the closed chamber in order to drive the machine.

22. Which of the relationship is correct in a Permanent magnet DC motor?

A. E ∝ (N)2
B. E ∝ (N)0
C. E ∝ N
D. E2 ∝ N

The value of flux remains constant in the Permanent magnet DC motor. The back e.m.f in the PMMC motor is directly proportional to the speed.

23. Full form of SSS is ____________

A. Saur Sujala Yojana
B. Saur Solar Yojana
C. Solar Sun Yojana
D. Sun Sujala Yojana

Full form of SSS is Saur Sujala Yojana. It is an initiative by the Government of India to encourage people to use solar energy as an energy source.

24. Who made the first solar cell?

A. Gerald Pearson
B. Tim Bell
C. Tim Cook
D. Nicola Tesla

The first solar cell was made by Gerald Pearson in 1954 in Bell laboratories. It was a lithium-silicon photovoltaic cell.

25. When was the first solar cell invented?

A. 1950
B. 1954
C. 1965
D. 1952

The first solar cell was made by Gerald Pearson in 1954 in Bell laboratories. It was a lithium-silicon photovoltaic cell.

26. Who invented the first Solar car?

A. Ian Bell
B. Trent Boult
C. Jon Woakes
D. William G. Cobb

The first solar car was invented by William G. Cobb in 1955. It was a 15-inch vehicle. It was made by General Motors.

27. The power factor of a WRIM generally is ___________

A. .1-.2
B. .6-.8
C. .3-.4
D. .5-.7

At light loads, the current drawn is largely a magnetizing current due to the air gap and hence the power factor is low. The power factor of a WRIM generally is .5-.7.

28. Full form of BHEL is ____________

A. Bharat Heavy Electronics Limited
B. Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited
C. Bharat Hero Electronics Limited
D. Busy Hero Electrical Limited

The full form of BHEL is Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited. It is a Government of India enterprise founded in 1964. It is a publicly listed company.

29. Calculate peak-peak voltage if Vmax=0 V and Vmin=9 V.

A. -5 V
B. -6 V
C. -9 V
D. -10 V

Peak-Peak voltage is equal to the difference between the maximum and minimum voltage. It is mathematically represented as

Vp-p=Vmax-Vmin=0-9=-9 V.

30. Calculate the De-rating factor if the string efficiency is 5 %.

A. .95
B. .55
C. .65
D. .85