Switching Regulator MCQ [Free PDF] – Objective Question Answer for Switching Regulator Quiz

1. What is done in switching regulators to minimize their power dissipation during switching?

A. Uses external transistor
B. Uses 1mH choke
C. Uses external transistor and 1mH choke
D. None of the mentioned

Answer: C

To minimize power dissipation during switching, the external transistor must be a switching power transistor and a 1mH choke smooth out the current pulses delivered to the load.


2. Fixed voltage regulators and adjustable regulators are often called as
A. Series dissipative regulators
B. Shunt dissipative regulators
C. Stray dissipative regulators
D. All the mentioned

Answer: A

Series dissipative regulators simulate a variable resistance between the input voltage & the load and hence function in a linear mode.


3. Linear series regulators are suited for application with

A. High current
B. Medium current
C. Low current
D. None of the mentioned

Answer: B

In series dissipative regulator, conversion efficiency decreases as the input or output voltage differential increases and vice versa. So, linear series regulators are suited for medium current applications with a small voltage differential.


4. A series of switching regulators

A. Improves the efficiency of regulators
B. Improves the flexibility of switching
C. Enhance the response of regulators
D. All of the mentioned

Answer: A

A series of switching regulators are constructed such that, a series pass transistor is used as a switch rather than as a variable resistance in linear mode.


5. The switching regulators can operate in

A. Step up
B. Stepdown
C. Polarity inverting
D. All the mentioned

Answer: D

The switching regulators can operate in any one of the three modes depending on how the components are connected.


6. What are the conditions to be satisfied by a voltage source for using it in a switching regulator.

1. It must supply the required output power and the losses associated with the switching regulator

2. It must be large enough to supply sufficient dynamic range line and load variations

3. It must be sufficiently high to meet the minimum requirement of the regulator system to be designed

4. It may be required to store energy for a specified amount of time during power failure especially if the system is designed for a computer power supply.

A. 1 and 3
B. 1,2,3 and 4
C. 2,3 and 4
D. 1,3 and 4

Answer: B

A voltage source must satisfy the entire given requirement to be used in the switching regulator.


7. Which of the following act as a switch in the switching regulator?

A. Rectifiers
B. Diode
C. Transistors
D. Relays

Answer: C

A transistor is connected as a power switch and is operated in the saturated mode. Thus, the pulse generator output alternatively turns the switch ON and OFF in the switching regulator.


8. What should be the frequency range of the pulse generator?

A. 250 kHz
B. 40 kHz
C. 120 kHz
D. 20 kHz

Answer: D

The most effective frequency range for pulse generators for optimum efficiency and component size is 20kHz.


9. Filter used in switching regulators are also as called

A. DC – AC transformers
B. AC – DC transformers
C. DC transformer
D. AC transformer

Answer: C

The filter converts the pulse waveform from the output of the switch into a dc voltage. Since this switching mechanism allows a conversion similar to transformers, the switching regulator is often referred to as DC transformers.


10. Which of the following is considered to be the most important components of the switching regulator?

A. RC or RLC filter
B. RL or RLC filter
C. ORC or RL filter
D. RC, RLC or RL filter

Answer: B

RL or RLC filter is the most important component of the switching regulator because several areas are affected by the choke of the inductor including energy storage for the regulator’s output ripple, transient, response etc.

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