Armature reaction in a DC motor is increased when
Right Answer is:
The armature current Increases
When the load is connected to the DC motor, the armature winding of the DC motor carries a current. Every current-carrying conductor produces its own flux so the armature of the DC motor also produces its own flux when carrying a current. So there are two fluxes present in the air gap, one due to armature current while the second is produced by the field winding called main flux. The flux produced by the armature is called armature flux
So the effect of the armature flux on the main flux affects its value and the distribution is called armature reaction.
Armature reaction occurs in DC motors and is caused by the stator magnetic field being distorted, or altered, in reaction to the armature magnetic field. The armature reaction is actually a bending of the motor magnetic field so that the brushes are no longer aligned with the neutral magnetic plane of the motor. If the brushes are not in alignment with this magnetic plane, the current conducted to the armature does not split equally in the armature conductors and therefore causes a voltage difference at the brushes. This causes sparking where the brush meets the commutator. In a motor with a constant load.
We know that reducing the flux leads to an increase in speed, so we can now see that in a machine with a pronounced armature reaction, when the load on the shaft is increased and the armature current increases to produce more torque, the field is simultaneously reduced and the motor speeds up. Though this behavior is not a true case of instability, it is not generally regarded as desirable!
Large motors often carry additional windings fitted into slots in the pole-faces and connected in series with the armature. These ‘compensating’ windings produce an m.m.f. in opposition to the armature m.m.f., thereby reducing or eliminating the armature reaction effect.