# In shunt type ohmmeter, full-scale deflection current indicator is marked

In shunt type ohmmeter, full-scale deflection current indicator is marked

#### SOLUTION

In shunt type ohmmeter, the full-scale deflection current indicator is marked Infinite.

The shunt-type ohmmeter is used for measuring low values of resistance. It operates on the same basic principle as an ammeter shunt. When using a shunt-type ohmmeter, place the unknown value of resistance in parallel with the meter movement. This causes part of the circuit current to bypass the meter.

The shunt type ohmmeter consists of a battery in series with an adjustable resistance R1 and a meter movement.

The switch is provided to disconnect the battery when the instrument is not in use. The unknown resistance is connected in parallel with the meter hence the name given to the instrument is shunt type ohmmeter.

When the terminals A-B are shorted then the meter gets bypassed by the short circuit. Hence entire current flows through the short circuit and the meter current is zero. This pointer position is marked as zero and the corresponding Rx = 0 as terminals A-B are shorted.

When the terminals A-B are opened i.e. Rx = ∞ then the entire current flows through the meter hence pointer deflects to the maximum. The resistance R1 is then adjusted such that the current through the meter is its full-scale deflection current. This position of the pointer is marked as .

Thus the scale is marked from 0 to infinite and not reversely from infinite to 0 as in the case of the series ohmmeter.

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