The synchronous motor connected to an infinite bus takes power at a lag p.f. If its excitation is increased
Right Answer is:
Power factor Increase
Synchronous Motor connected to infinite Bus
- For constant power output, a synchronous motor can be made to operate at either a lagging power factor, unity power factor or leading power factor by varying the field excitation.
- At normal excitation, the motor draws minimum armature current at unity power factor.
- At under excitation the armature current increases and the power factor becomes lagging.
- When the motor is overexcited it draws a current at the leading power factor.
- An overexcited synchronous motor acts as a power factor correction device and is also known as a synchronous condenser. The variation of armature current and power factor as a function of field current is plotted to give a better insight.
We can state that an over-excited synchronous motor draws a leading power factor current from the mains. The synchronous motor, therefore, when over-excited, in addition to driving some load, will work as a capacitor or condenser. A capacitor draws a leading power factor current. An over-excited synchronous motor draws the leading power factor current from the mains.
An over-excited synchronous motor is also called a synchronous condenser. Synchronous motors are used as constant-speed drive motors. Over-excited synchronous motors are used to improve the power factor of electrical loads in industries. Generally, the motor is run on load, and by overexcitation, the system power factor is also improved.