Which of the following is used for the measurement of the insulation resistance?
Right Answer is:
The principal purpose of testing the insulation is to verify that there are no inadvertent connections between live conductors and between live and Earth before the installation is energized. Tests are required between live conductors (e.g. between phases and between phase(s) and neutral) and between all live conductors and Earth.
Insulation resistance of the installation depends on many factors such as atmospheric conditions, humidity, dirt, etc. As such its calculation is not possible, but it can be readily measured. Normally the insulation resistance is quite high and can be measured by an instrument called megger usually used for the measurement of high resistance. The main object in performing this test is to ascertain whether the complete wiring is sound enough to avoid leakage current.
Insulation testing megger is a portable instrument used for testing the insulation resistance of a circuit, and for measuring the resistance of the order of megaohms in which the measured value of resistance is directly indicated on a scale.