A. When X_{L}>X_{C}
B. When X_{L}<XC_{
}C. When XL = XC
D. When XC = infinity_{
}

Answer: C

The current is in phase with the voltage when the capacitive reactance is equal to the inductive reactance. This is known as the resonance condition.

Under resonance Condition XL = XC

32. What is the frequency in the resonance condition?

A. Minimum
B. Maximum
C. Cannot be determined
D. Zero

Answer: B

At the resonance condition, the frequency is maximum since the inductive reactance is equal to the capacitive reactance. X_{L} = X_{C}.

33. Can the capacitor fully charge using alternating current?

A. yes
B. no
C. may or may not
D. depend on the value of capacitance

Answer: B

No, the capacitor cannot be fully charged using alternating current because as soon as the capacitor charges, the alternating current reverses its polarity thereby discharging it.

34. What is the resistance offered by a capacitor?

A. Susceptance
B. Conductance
C. Admittance
D. Reactance

Answer: D

The resistance offered to alternating current by an inductor or capacitor is known as reactance which is equivalent to the resistance of the resistor.

35. The combination of resistance and reactance known as _______

A. Susceptance
B. Impedance
C. Conductance
D. Admittance

Answer: B

The combination of resistance and reactance is known as impedance. It is the equivalent resistance of an RLC alternating circuit.

36. What is the relation between reactance, resistance, and impedance?

A. Z = R+jX
B. Z = R+X
C. Z = R-X
D. Z = R-jX

Answer: A

The combination of resistance and reactance is known as impedance.

Z = R+jX

Where

Z is impedance

R is resistance and X is reactance.

37. What is the real part of the impedance of the RLC circuit?

A. Resistance
B. Conductance
C. Admittance
D. Reactance

Answer: A

The combination of resistance and reactance is known as impedance.

Z = R+jX

where

Z is impedance

R is resistance

X is reactance.

R is a real part of Z.

38. What is the imaginary part of the impedance of the RLC circuit?

A. Resistance
B. Conductance
C. Admittance
D. Reactance

Answer: D

The combination of resistance and reactance is known as impedance.

Z = R+jX

where

Z is impedance

R is resistance

X is reactance.

X is the imaginary part of Z.

39. Which type of current can be stored in a capacitor?

A. Alternating current
B. Direct current
C. Both alternating current and direct current
D. Neither alternating current nor direct current

Answer: B

Only direct current can be stored in the capacitor. The capacitor cannot be fully charged using alternating current because as soon as the capacitor charges, the alternating current reverses its polarity thereby discharging it. So, we cannot store ac current in the capacitor.

40. If in an alternating current circuit, resistance is 5 ohm, capacitive reactance is 12 ohm, what is the impedance?