# Basic Intensity Transformation Function MCQ [Free PDF] – Objective Question Answer for Basic Intensity Transformation Function Quiz

1. Which of the following expression is used to denote spatial domain process?

A. g(x,y)=T[f(x,y)]
B. f(x+y)=T[g(x+y)]
C. g(xy)=T[f(xy)]
D. g(x-y)=T[f(x-y)]

Spatial domain processes will be denoted by the expression g(x,y)=T[f(x,y)], where f(x,y) is the input image, g(x,y) is the processed image, and T is an operator on f, defined over some neighborhood of (x, y). In addition, T can operate on a set of input images, such as performing the pixel-by-pixel sum of K images for noise reduction.

2. Which of the following shows three basic types of functions used frequently for image enhancement?

A. Linear, logarithmic, and inverse law
B. Power-law, logarithmic, and inverse law
C. Linear, logarithmic and power-law
D. Linear, exponential, and inverse law

The introduction to gray-level transformations shows three basic types of functions used frequently for image enhancement: linear (negative and identity transformations), logarithmic (log and inverse-log transformations), and power-law (nth power and nth root transformations). The identity function is the trivial case in which output intensities are identical to input intensities. It is included in the graph only for completeness.

3. Which expression is obtained by performing the negative transformation on the negative of an image with gray levels in the range[0, L-1]?

A. s=L+1-r
B. s=L+1+r
C. s=L-1-r
D. s=L-1+r

The negative of an image with gray levels in the range[0, L-1] is obtained by using the negative transformation, which is given by the expression: s=L-1-r.

4. What is the general form of representation of log transformation?

A. s=clog10(1/r)
B. s=clog10(1+r)
C. s=clog10(1*r)
D. s=clog10(1-r)

The general form of the log transformation: s=clog10(1+r), where c is a constant, and it is assumed that r ≥ 0.

5. What is the general form of representation of power transformation?

A. s=crγ
B. c=srγ
C. s=rc
D. s=rcγ

Power-law transformations have the basic form: s=crγ where c and g are positive constants. Sometimes s=crγ is written as s=c.(r+ε)γ to account for an offset (that is, a measurable output when the input is zero).

6. What is the name of the process used to correct the power-law response phenomena?

A. Beta correction
B. Alpha correction
C. Gamma correction
D. Pie correction

A variety of devices used for image capture, printing, and display respond according to a power law. By convention, the exponent in the power-law equation is referred to as gamma. The process used to correct these power-law response phenomena is called gamma correction.

7. Which of the following transformation function requires much information to be specified at the time of input?

A. Log transformation
B. Power transformation
C. Piece-wise transformation
D. Linear transformation

The practical implementation of some important transformations can be formulated only as piecewise functions. The principal disadvantage of piecewise functions is that their specification requires considerably more user input.

8. In contrast stretching, if r1=s1 and r2=s2 then which of the following is true?

A. The transformation is not a linear function that produces no changes in gray levels
B. The transformation is a linear function that produces no changes in gray levels
C. The transformation is a linear function that produces changes in gray levels
D. The transformation is not a linear function that produces changes in gray levels

The locations of points (r1,s1) and (r2,s2) control the shape of the transformation function. If r1=s1 and r2=s2 then the transformation is a linear function that produces no changes in gray levels.

9. In contrast to stretching, if r1=r2, s1=0, and s2=L-1 then which of the following is true?

A. The transformation becomes a thresholding function that creates an octal image
B. The transformation becomes an override function that creates an octal image
C. The transformation becomes a thresholding function that creates a binary image
D. The transformation becomes a thresholding function that does not create an octal image

If r1=r2, s1=0 and s2=L-1,the transformation becomes a thresholding function that creates a binary image.

10. In contrast to stretching, if r1≤r2 and s1≤s2 then which of the following is true?

A. The transformation function is double valued and exponentially increasing
B. The transformation function is double valued and monotonically increasing
C. The transformation function is single-valued and exponentially increasing
D. The transformation function is single-valued and monotonically increasing